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How to Nail Roofing Shingles?

Dec 13


Underlayment and roofing shingles work together for protection from the elements. These roofing products are only effective if properly installed.

Proper nailing techniques are essential for asphalt shingles' optimal performance

Specific guidelines are given by Eavestrough cleaning and repair Etobicoke for attaching roofing shingles to your roof. These guidelines are based on the location and type of roofing nails used. For optimum shingle performance and compliance with the International Building Code, it is important to properly install shingles. To ensure shingle performance and hold power, learn where to nail them.


Characteristics of Roofing Nail

To install roofing nails and most roofing underlays, shingles can be installed with them.


You can make nails from:


  • Aluminum
  • Copper
  • Stainless steel, or
  • Galvanized steel (zinc coated)


Certain roofing nails are better suited for specific geographies than others. Stainless steel roofing nails are a good option if your home is located near the coast and exposed to salt water. Galvanized roofing nails are suitable for asphalt shingles because they resist rust. Owens Corning requires that shingles be attached using aluminum nails, stainless steel, and galvanized steel.

Size of Fastener

International Building Code stipulates that roofing nails must have a minimum 12 gauge shank and a minimum 3/8-inch head.


To ensure that shingles and nails are secure when nailing shingles to the roof deck, it is important to make sure they penetrate the deck properly. Roof nails for Owens Corning (r), shingles should penetrate the wood deck at least 3/4 inch or through the roof deck completely by a minimum of 1/8 inch.

General Guidelines for Nail Shingles

These general instructions will ensure that your asphalt roofing shingles perform at their best.


  • Make sure to use the correct roofing nail material, size, and grade, as per the instructions for shingle installation.
  • Secure shingles using corrosion-resistant nails
  • Use the recommended number and spacing of nails for each shingle. Owens Corning recommends using either 4 or 6 nails to fasten Duration Series Shingles. This depends on the roof's slope and any building codes. 4 nails are sufficient in most cases.
  • Place the nails according to the instructions for shingle installation.
  • To avoid nail exposure, align shingles correctly.

Where to buy nail shingles

Each manufacturer of shingles has its specifications for nailing. These include where roofing nails should go. These guidelines should be followed by roofing contractors. Don't overdrive nails, as this could lead to water infiltration.


Owens Corning(r), Duration(r), and shingles provide a reinforced nailing area, called SureNail (r) Technology. This tough, engineered fabric strip is embedded on the shingle's face and offers exceptional nail pull-through resistance and nail blow-through resistance. It also provides a visible target for roofing contractors. It is easy to see exactly where the nails should go.

How Roof Shingles are Installed

Manufacturers may have different specifications about how shingles should be laid on your roof. Some roofing shingles such as Duration (r), have a 6-1/2 inch offset and a 5-1/2-inch exposure above a pre-prepared roof deck. The contractor will start at the roof's bottom and work their way up.

How to Install Duration? (r) Shingles

This video will show you how to install Duration. Proper overlapping covers the nails and gives your roof a seamless, attractive appearance.

Shingles: Driving roofing nails

Roof nails should be driven manually with a hammer, or with a properly adjusted pneumatic nail gun.,Incorrectly calibrated nail guns can cause under- or over-penetration of roofing nails. This affects the shingle’s performance. It can also lead to:


  • Nail corrosion
  • Sealing failures
  • Raised shingle tabs
  • Buckling and
  • Shingle blow-offs


According to the manufacturer's instructions, roofing nails should not be placed closer than 1 in. from the edge.

How to Fix Nailing Mistakes

Nailing mistakes must be fixed immediately.


  • You can tap in underdriven nails with a hammer.
  • Overdriven or crooked nails must be removed and the holes filled with asphalt roofing cement.
  • To secure the shingle, a new nail should be driven to a nearby location. The entire shingle must be replaced if this is not possible.

Nail Fastening Pattern

To take advantage of Owens Corning(r), Duration(r), and shingles' maximum wind warranty, a four-nail fastening design is required for each shingle. Structures with slopes greater than 60 degrees, or 21 inches per ft., will require six nails.


Six nails may be required in certain areas of the country to meet building codes. Consult your local building department for the most up-to-date information. Refer to the manufacturer's instructions to learn how to install shingle products.

Wind Protection

Wind protection is another reason to nail shingles correctly. You know how important it is to have your shingles resistant to high winds if you live in an area that sees frequent high winds.

The Common Bond

Duration (r). Series Shingles are laminated because they have an underlay that is attached to (or laminated with) an overlay. This construction gives the shingles natural dimension and depth. The common bond is the area where two shingle layers meet. Installing shingles with maximum protection is best done in the common bond area


It creates a triple-layer reinforcement by nailing through the common bonds and the SureNail (r) fabric on Duration Series shingles. This is called Triple Layer Protection(r). It helps to provide greater nail pull-through protection in high winds.

Triple Layer Protection by SureNail(r),

Homeowners Insurance

Specific coverage for blow-offs or water damage can vary by policy. Contact your homeowner's insurance agent for more information.

Duration(r) Series Shingles

Owens Corning(r), Duration(r), shingle features the SureNail(r), fabric nailing area which provides exceptional gripping power and nails pull-through resistance.

Explore our range of Duration(r), and Series Shingles and find out more about SureNail(r).


Read More: Proper Nailing is Essential to the Performance of Roof Shingles